Udaipur is known as a city that possesses water lakes filled with tranquility and is also popularly called the City of Dawn. This city is naturally beautiful and along with its beauty, it also possesses a very wealthy social, natural, and cultural heritage, ecological richness, and aesthetic beauty. The scenic beauty of the city is preserved in its lakes, opulent and serene Aravalis, pleasant gardens, harmonious monuments, and abundant green vegetation. Lake Pichola is considered to be one of the treasured possessions of Udaipur that plays a very important role in adding to the beauty of the city and alluring visitors to the city from time to time.
Udaipur, previously known as Mewar, is a very old kingdom in Rajasthan and it is typically found that even today the city instills great pride and seniority among the citizens. There can be absolutely no doubt in the fact that Udaipur is a city that possesses historic importance because it was the capital of Mewar that was ruled by Maharana Pratap. The Venice of East and another Kashmir of India are the other popular names that have been given to the city. Cultural heritage at its widest range is found in Udaipur. Udaipur also possesses a very huge capacity of water retainment because of its lakes that are interconnected. The mountains, the habitat, and the lakes of Udaipur serve as an example of unbelievable harmony between the built environment and nature.
Udaipur is known for its traditional heritage, which is very intricately woven within the lives of the citizens of Udaipur and it is greatly found in the behavior and the conduct of the people and it also offers them a very strong sense of togetherness. Heritage is considered to be the most important part of the lives of the people of Udaipur and it is preserved in a very special way in the city. There are many other cities in India that are found to be very rich in heritage but the heritage that is covered and preserved in Udaipur is not found in any other city or state of India.
The social environment and the climate of Udaipur are very conductive and pleasant for its visitors. The city has always been successful in attracting international and domestic tourists because of its possession of great many religious and historical landmarks. There is continuous cultural transformation, increase in tourism, and growth is found in the city and it has also been found that the culture of Udaipur is even visible in the other cities and states of India.
Location of Udaipur
Udaipur, the city came into being in 1559 A.D. as the capital of Mewar and it is situated on the eastern side of Lake Pichola. The city possesses a very rich hinterland that consists of natural fauna and flora. The fact that the city is located amidst the Aravalis offers it a number of spots that are naturally very beautiful. Udaipur also consists of various historical monuments like Havelis, kunds, palaces, temples, and bavaris that are surrounded by hills accompanied by a pleasant climate that has made the city grow from a minuscule town to a significant tourist center.
Udaipur also possesses a palace and the entire city is surrounded on all sides by fort walls that were constructed in 1770 and consists of nine gates. Many communities that specialize in various kinds of crafts, residing in various localities, galis, and mohallas of Rajasthan, participated and cooperated in raising the monuments of Udaipur irrespective of their creed and their caste. The people of Udaipur have lived together harmoniously for generations and have supported each other.
Udaipur is believed to be a place that resembles Heaven and it also possesses the award of being the most beautiful city in Asia. The city is located at a distance of 403 kilometers from Jaipur which is the capital of Rajasthan. The city served as Mewar’s capital in the past and the people of the city believe in “Atithi Devo Bhav” and it is only because of this reason that the visitors and the guests of Udaipur are treated very warmly in comparison to any other city in Rajasthan. The city was founded by Maharana Udai Singh and the Sesodia’s shifted Mewar’s capital to Udaipur from Chittorgarh. When the Britishers ruled in India, Rajasthan did not consist of Mewar as its important part but after Independence, Rajasthan took in Mewar.
Enjoy the Serene Lakes
Lake Palace is a major attraction in the city and it also ranks amongst the best hotels all over the world. The Palace is located in the centre of Lake Pichola on an islet and it exhibits the greatness of the Rajputana Empire in Rajasthan. There are many places of historic importance in Udaipur that have been transformed into hotels at present. There are a total of six lakes in and around Udaipur. The most important lakes are Lake Pichola, Swaroop Sagar, Udai Sagar, and Fateh Sagar located within the city while the other two are found in the outskirts of Udaipur.
The city is rich in culture and tradition and it is only because of this reason that there are a large number of fairs and festivals celebrated in Udaipur with great fervor. The most important festivals and fairs that are very closely related to the city are Shilpgram Fair and Mewar Festival. There are many desert people located in Udaipur and they celebrate these festivals and fairs with great vigor.
The people of Udaipur celebrate Mewar Festival and at the same time, they also celebrate Gangaur Festival. These festivals have great religious significance and are celebrated with equal enthusiasm by the people of Udaipur. Shilpgram Fair is a fair arranged in the city for the promotion of crafts and art of Rajasthan and this fair is held in December’s last week.
Hariyali Amavasya is yet another fair that is organized in Udaipur and the venues for this fair are Sahelion Ki Bari and Fateh Sagar Lake in Udaipur. This fair continues for two days and one of the days is completely for the women of the city. Previously, the Fateh Sagar Lake was known as Shiv Sagar named after the Duke of Connaught. In order to celebrate the victory of the dam, one particular moonless night during the rainy season was sacredly chosen and it is from that day onwards that the Hariyali Amavasya Fair is organized in Udaipur at the Sahelion Ki Bari.
Gangaur is also a festival in Udaipur that is celebrated by women who perform a pooja known as ‘Parvati Pooja’. Gangaur is a festival that is celebrated after Holi which is also a very famous festival in Udaipur. The other festivals celebrated in Udaipur and the ones that add to the cultural charm of Udaipur are Kartik Poornima, Ashwan Pooja, and Shriji’s Birthday. The people of Udaipur indulge in the process of relishing homemade sweetmeats, adorning bright attires, visiting holy shrines, and following ritualistic traditions during these festivals.
Udaipur is also said to possess a very splendid and rich heritage of sculpture, art, marble and wooden handicrafts, and miniature painting. The art of Udaipur carries an embodiment of royal essence accompanied with great spiritual virtue that represents Mewar.
These types of art have really paved the way towards an artistic scenario for Udaipur.
There are a lot of lively and rejoicing dance forms that are found in Udaipur. Ghoomar is one dance form that is famous worldwide and it represents folk art and culture. Gait and gait Ghoomar is the local dances that are performed at Holi. Chari dance is also very popular in Udaipur and it is a dance form where dancers dance with pot and lamp on their heads. Kacchi Ghodi is another dance form where dancers perform as dummy horses. Other dance forms that are very popular in Udaipur are Pabuji ki Pach, Maand, Teerah Tali, Drum dance, and Fire dance.
Music has always remained in the environment and the airs of Udaipur since ancient times and during the era of the Rajputana. The people of Udaipur have remained great lovers of hard music because the rulers of this city have always loved music. The people find great solace in listening to the melodious music of the Tanpura, Sarangi, Naad, Morchang, and various other instruments.
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